Sample menu:

Macedonian Veterinary Review

logo

p-ISSN 1409-7621
e-ISSN 1857-7415

line
Co-publishing with:
line
 
De Gruyter
line
Membership
line
cope
line
crossref
line
linked
line
crosref1
line
ithenticate
line
 

Abstract / References


Linija
Original Scientific Article
Published 15 March 2017
 
access
 

Dystocia in sheep and goats: outcome and fertility following surgical and non-surgical management
Zuhair Bani Ismail
Department of Veterinary Clinical Sciences, Faculty of Veterinary Medicine, Jordan University of Science & Technology, Irbid 22110, Jordan

ABSTRACT
Cesarean section is a life-saving surgical procedure usually undertaken in sheep and goats that fail to deliver vaginally (dystocia). Unfortunately, there are no recent review articles in literature that summarize the results of published case reports and clinical trials concerning indications, surgical approaches and procedures and outcomes following cesarean section in sheep and goats. Therefore, the aim of this article was to compile available data related to dystocia and cesarean section in small ruminants. Fortunately, the incidence of dystocia in small ruminants is considered to be low. It can be caused by either maternal or fetal factors. Maternal-related dystocia is most commonly because of failure of cervical dilation, narrow birth canal and uterine inertia. Those related to fetal causes are usually associated with fetal malposition/presentation, feto-pelvic disproportion/fetal oversize, and fetal malformation. Manual extraction of the fetus may be attempted in most cases, however, early surgical intervention by performing cesarean section ensures satisfactory outcome. Cesarean section is usually performed in lateral recumbency through left paralumbar fossa or left paralumbar fossa oblique celiotomy under local analgesia. The success rates and post-operative complications in sheep and goats are underreported; however, early surgical intervention using aseptic technique usually results in a satisfactory outcome for both the dam and newborn with acceptable prognosis for future breeding soundness.
Key words: dystocia, small ruminants, survival, breeding soundness

Mac Vet Rev 2017; 40 (1): 91-96
   
[ PDF Free Article ] pdf Linija          
Available Online First: 17 January 2017
 
 
Linija
References
 
 
.
1.

Brounts, S.H., Hawkins, J.F., Baird, A.N., Glickman, L.T. (2004). Outcome and subsequent fertility of sheep and goats undergoing cesarean section because of dystocia: 110 cases (1981–2001). J. Am. Vet. Med. Assoc. 224, 275-279.
https://doi.org/10.2460/javma.2004.224.275
PMid:14736074

2.

Purohit, G.N. (2006). Dystocia in the sheep and goat. A review. Indian J. Sm. Rum. 12(1), 1-12.

3.

Sharma, A., Kumar, P., Singh, M., Vasishta, N. (2014). Retrospective analysis of dystocia in small ruminants. Intas Polivet. 15, 287-289.

4.

Bhattacharyya, H.K., Fazili, M.R., Bhat, F.A., Buchoo, B.A. (2015). Prevalence and dystocia of sheep and goats: A study of 70 cases (2004-2011). J. Adv. Vet. Res. 5, 14-20.

5.

Noakes, D.E., Parkinson, T.J., England, G.C.W. (2009). Noakes's' veterinary reproduction and obstetrics. London, Saunders.

6.

Fubini, S.L., Ducharme, N.G. (2004). Farm animal surgery. Missouri, Saunders.

7.

Menzies PI, Bailey D (1997). Current therapy in large animal theriogenology. Philadelphia, Saunders.

8.

Ali, A.M.H. (2011). Causes and management of dystocia in small ruminants in Saudi Arabia. J. Agri. Vet. Sci. 4(2), 95-108.

9.

Kumar, V., Talekar, S.H., Ahmad, R.A., Mathew, D.D., Zama, M.M.S. (2013). Delayed cases of dystocia in small ruminants - etiology and surgical management. Indian J. Vet. Sci. 1, 47-54.

10.

Hussain, S.O., Zaid, N.W. (2010). Dystocia in goats, causes and treatment. AL-Qadisiya J. Vet. Med. Sci. 9.

11.

Fubini, S., Heath, A.M., Pugh, D.G. (2002). Sheep and goat medicine. Philadelphia, Saunders.
PMCid:PMC2173981

12.

Hanie, E.A.A. (2006). Large Animal Clinical Procedures for Veterinary Technicians. Elsevier, Mosby, Missouri.

13.

Wu, W.X., Xiao, Hong. M,A., Coksaygan, T., Chakrabarty, K., Collins, K.V., Rose, J., Nathanielsz, P.W. (2004). Prostaglandin mediates premature delivery in pregnant sheep induced by estradiol at 121 days of gestational age. Endocrinol. 45, 1444–1452.
https://doi.org/10.1210/en.2003-1142
PMid:14645114

14.

Muir, W.W., Hubbell, J., Skarda, R.T., Swanson, C.R., Mason, D.M. (2000). Handbook of veterinary anesthesia. Elsevier, Mosby, Missouri.

15.

Leontides, L., Fthenakis, G.C., Amiridis, G.S. (2000). A matched case-control study of factors associated with retention of fetal membrane in dairy ewes in southern Greece. Prev. Vet. Med. 44, 113-120.
https://doi.org/10.1016/S0167-5877(99)00115-4

16.

Kenneth, D.N. (2008). Bovine cesarean section in the field. Vet. Clin. North. Am. Food. Anim. Pract. 24, 273-293.
https://doi.org/10.1016/j.cvfa.2008.02.009
PMid:18471569

 
 
Linija

 

 

 

lc
cope This journal is a member of and subscribes to the principles of the Committee on Publication Ethics.
crossref
CrosCheck
lc
Creative Commons License
The all content of the Journal "Mac Vet Rev", except where otherwise noted, is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 License.
iThenticate
lc