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Macedonian Veterinary Review

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e-ISSN 1857-7415

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Original Scientific Article
Published 15 March 2017
 
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Seroprevalence of Ehrlichia canis infection in stray dogs from Serbia
Nataša Bogićević1, Milica Elezović Radovanović1, Ana Vasić1, Marija Manić2, Jovan Marić1, Dragica Vojinović3, Dragan Rogožarski4, Ana Gligić5, Miroslav Valčić1
1Department of Infectious Diseases of Animals and Bees, Faculty of Veterinary Medicine, University of Belgrade, Bulevar Oslobođenja 18, 11000 Belgrade, Serbia
2Department of Clinical Microbiology and Parasitology, Specialized Veterinary Institute “Niš”, Milke Protić 66, 18106 Niš, Serbia
3Department of Immunology, Scientific Veterinary Institute of Serbia, Vojvode Toze 14, Belgrade, Serbia
4Department for Animal Health Care, Specialized Veterinary Institute – Požarevac, Dunavska 89, 12000 Požarevac, Serbia
5Institute of Virology, Vaccines and Sera „Torlak“, Vojvode Stepe 458, 11152 Belgrade, Serbia

ABSTRACT
Canine Monocytic Ehrlichiosis is a zoonotic bacterial disease with worldwide distribution. With regards to the population of stray dogs, the disease is facilitated due to their lifestyle and the lack of anti-parasitic protection. The aim of this study was to provide serological data on the presence of a specific Ehrlichia canis IgG antibodies in stray dogs, originating from 7 municipalities in Serbia. During the period from April 2013 to June 2014, 217 canine sera were submitted to the laboratory of the Department of Infectious Diseases of Animals and Bees, Faculty of Veterinary Medicine in Belgrade. An immunofluorescent antibody test (IFAT) was performed to detect antibodies to Ehrlichia canis (cut off, 1:50). Seropositive dogs were found in 5 out of 7 counties with a seroprevalence varying from 3.57% to 20% and an overall seroprevalence of 11.06% (24/217). There was no statistically significant difference between the prevalence of infection and the host age or gender. Results showed that stray dogs contribute to maintaining and spreading of Ehrlichia canis in Serbia. Due to the close relationship between people and dogs, it is of great importance to constantly monitor and improve prevention of this disease.
Key words: canine monocytic ehrlichiosis, Ehrlichia canis, dogs, immunofluorescence antibody test, Serbia

Mac Vet Rev 2017; 40 (1): 37-42
   
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Available Online First: 1 December 2016
 
 
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