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Macedonian Veterinary Review


p-ISSN 1409-7621
e-ISSN 1857-7415

Co-publishing with:
De Gruyter

Abstract / References

Short Communication
Published on: 15 October 2017

A survey of helminth infections in the black rat from Stara Zagora district, Bulgaria
Petar T. Iliev1, Georgi Zh. Georgiev1, Zvezdelina T. Kirkova1, Borislava G. Chakarova2
1Department of Veterinary Microbiology, Infectious and Parasitic Diseases, Faculty of Veterinary Medicine, Trakia University, 6000 Stara Zagora, Bulgaria
2Department of Hygiene, Epidemiology, Infectious and Parasitic Diseases, Faculty of Medicine, Trakia University, 6000 Stara Zagora, Bulgaria


A field study was conducted to disclose the prevalence of different helminth parasites in the black rat, Rattus rattus, in some regions of Stara Zagora district, Bulgaria. Out of 67 examined rats, 53 (79.1%) were found to be positive. Helminths of three classes were detected such as Cestoda: Hymenolepis diminuta (47.8%), Hymenolepis nana (43.3%), Taenia taeniaeformis larvae (7.5%), Taenia polyacantha larvae (1.5%); Secernentea: Syphacia obvelata (4.5%), Aspiculuris tetraptera (3.0%) and Adenophorea: Capillaria hepatica (9.0%), Trichuris muris (3.0%). Of all the investigated rats, 27 (40.3%) were infected by one helminth species and 26 (38.8%) by more than one. Hymenolepis diminuta was a predominant species in cases of single infections (23.9%). The most frequent co-infections were observed by H. nana and H. diminuta (16.4%).
Key words: helminth parasites, Black rat

Mac Vet Rev 2017; 40 (2): 177-182
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Available Online First: 2 July 2017

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