Sample menu:

Macedonian Veterinary Review

logo

p-ISSN 1409-7621
e-ISSN 1857-7415

line
Co-publishing with:
line
 
De Gruyter
line
Membership
line
cope
line
crossref
line
linked
line
crosref1
line
ithenticate
line
 

Abstract / References


Linija
Original Scientific Article
 
access
 

The effect of peroral administration of Lactobacillus fermentum culture on dairy cows health indices
Laima Liepa, Māra Viduža
Clinical Institute, Faculty of Veterinary Medicine, Latvian University of Life Sciences and Technologies Helmana 8, Jelgava, LV-3004, Latvia

 

ABSTRACT
The culture of Lactobacillus fermentum was isolated from the biogas substrate. The aim was to evaluate the efficiency of perorally applied L. fermentum additive to prevent metabolic diseases in the early lactation period of dairy cows. The experiment was performed in the early lactation group of a herd with 240 cows. The control and experimental group each consisted of 10 clinically healthy cows with normal concentration of β-hydroxybutyrate and glucose. On day 1–5 (D1–D5), the experimental cows received orally 150 ml of L. fermentum product of 8.1x105 CFU/ml. On D1, D2, D5 and D20, the rumen fluid samples were collected from all animals in both groups with an oral-ruminal probe once per day for detection of pH and concentration of volatile fatty acids, on D1, D5 and D20 – blood samples for biochemical analyses. The data were analyzed using Microsoft Excel. Results: Significant changes were observed in the concentration of the liver enzymes AST and GGT. On D1, in the experimental animals AST concentration 100.5±14.0 IU/L was higher than in control cows – 51.4±5.7 IU/L (p<0.05). On D20, AST was reduced significantly only in experimental cows. On D1, GGT concentration 31.5±6.91 IU/L was higher (p<0.05) in experimental animals than in control cows – 13.6±1.53 IU/L, but on D5, GGT concentration in experimental animals was reduced to 18.4±6.41 IU/L (p<0.05), and remained until D20. Conclusion: L. fermentum culture administered orally for five days improved the blood liver enzymes in cows, and the effect lasted for two weeks.
Key words: cows, ketosis, acidosis, Lactobacillus fermentum

Mac Vet Rev 2018; 41 (2): i-ix
   
[ PDF Free Article ] pdf Linija          
Available Online First: 25 June 2018
 
 
Linija
References
 
 
 

1. Gantner, V., Kuterovac, K., Potočnik, K. (2016). Effect of heat stress on metabolic disorders prevalence risk and milk production in Holstein cows in Croatia. Ann. Anim. Sci., 16 (2): 451–461.
https://doi.org/10.1515/aoas-2015-0097

2. Fleming, S.A. (2015). Bovine metabolic disorders. In: Smith B.P. (Eds.), Large animal internal medicine (pp. 1252-1258). St. Louis, Missouri: Mosby, Elsevier Inc.

3. Wang, D.S., Zhang, R.Y., Zhu, W.Y., Mao, S.Y. (2013). Effects of subacute ruminal acidosis challenges on fermentation and biogenic amines in the rumen of dairy cows. Livestock Science 155(2-3): 262-272.
https://doi.org/10.1016/j.livsci.2013.05.026

4. Čejna, V., Chládek, G. (2005). The importance of monitoring changes in milk fat to milk protein ratio in holstein cows during lactation. Journal of Central European Agriculture 6(4): 539-546.

5. Muralithas, M., Shakthevale, A., Pushpakumara, P.G.A. (2011). Herd-based diagnosis of subacute ruminal acidosis (SARA) and disease investigation of the lameness at New Zealand dairy farm in Sri Lanka. Proceedings of the 16th International Symposium and 8th Conference on Lameness in Ruminants, Rotorua, New Zealand.

6. Oetzel, G. R., Krause, K. M. (2006). Understanding and preventing subacute ruminal acidosis in dairy herds. Anim. Feed Sci. Technol. 126: 215–236.
https://doi.org/10.1016/j.anifeedsci.2005.08.004

7. Fuller R. (1989) Probiotics in man and animals. J. Appl. Bacteriol. 66(5): 365-378.
https://doi.org/10.1111/j.1365-2672.1989.tb05105.x
PMid:2666378

8. Uyeno, Y., Shigemori, S., Shimosato, T. (2015) Effect of Probiotics/Prebiotics on Cattle Health and Productivity. Microbes Environ., 30(2):126-132.
https://doi.org/10.1264/jsme2.ME14176
PMid:26004794 PMCid:PMC4462921

9. Bajagai,Y.S., Klieve, A.V, Dart. P.J., Waine, L.B. (2016). Probiotics in ruminant Nutrition. In: H.P.S. Makkar (Ed.), FAO Animal production and health paper No. 179 (pp.37-48). Rome: FAO.

10. Kung, L. (2001). Direct-fed microbials for dairy cows and enzymes for lactating dairy cows: New theories and applications. Proceeding of the Pennsylvania State Dairy Cattle Nutrition Workshop (pp. 86-102). Grantville, Pennsylvania State, USA.

11. Mikelsaar, M., Mihkel, Z. (2009). Lactobacillus fermentum ME-3 an antimicrobial and antioxidative probiotic. Microb Ecol Health Dis. 21(1): 1-27.
https://doi.org/10.1080/08910600902815561
PMid:19381356 PMCid:PMC2670518

12. Lettat, A., Nozière, P., Silberberg, M., Morgavi, D.P., Berger, C., Martin, C. (2012). Rumen microbial and fermentation characteristics are affected differently by bacterial probiotic supplementation during induced lactic and subacute acidosis in sheep. BMC Microbiology 12(1): 142.
https://doi.org/10.1186/1471-2180-12-142
PMid:22812531 PMCid:PMC3438074

13. Maragkoudakis, P.A., Mountzouris, K.C., Rosu, C., Zoumpopoulou, G., Papadimitriou, K. (2010). Feed supplementation of Lactobacillus plantarum PCA 236 modulates gut microbiota and milk fatty acid composition in dairy goats-a preliminary study. Int. J. Food Microbiol. 141, 109-116.
https://doi.org/10.1016/j.ijfoodmicro.2010.03.007
PMid:20356645

14. Yoon, I.K., Stern, M.D. (1995). Influence of direct-fed microbials on ruminal microbial fermentation and performance of ruminants. Asian-Australas J Anim Sci, 8(6): 533-555.
https://doi.org/10.5713/ajas.1995.553

15. Khan, R.U., Naz, S., Dhama, K., Karthik, K., Tiwari, R., Abdelrahman, M.M., Alhidary, I.A., Zahoor, A. (2016). Direct-fed microbial: beneficial applications, modes of action and prospects as a safe tool for enhancing ruminant production and safeguarding health. Int J Pharmacol. 12, 220-231.
https://doi.org/10.3923/ijp.2016.220.231

16. Himanshu, K.S., Dipak, D.P., Dushyant, A.S., Vipul, D.P., Girish, K.J., Akil, M.M., Prachi, M.T. (2013). Development of microencapsulation delivery system for long-term preservation of probiotics as biotherapeutics agent. BioMed Research International Article ID 620719 [cited 2017 May 03]
https://doi.org/10.1155/2013/620719

17. Xing, H.C., Li, L.J., Xu, K.J., Shen, T., Chen, J.B., Sheng, J.F. et al. (2006). Protective role of supplement with foreign Bifidobacterium and Lactobacillus in experimental hepatic ischemia-reperfusion injury. J Gastroenterol Hepatol. 21(4): 647-656.
https://doi.org/10.1111/j.1440-1746.2006.04306.x
PMid:16677148

18. Adawi, D., Kasravi, F.B., Molin, G., Jeppsson, B. (1997). Effect of Lactobacillus supplementation with and without arginine on liver damage and bacterial translocation in an acute liver injury model in the rat. Hepatology 25(3): 642-647.
https://doi.org/10.1002/hep.510250325
PMid:9049212

19. Slyter, L.L., Rumsey, T.S. (1991). Effect of coliform bacteria, feed deprivation, and pH on ruminal D-lactic acid production by steer or continuous-culture microbial populations changed from forage to concentrates. Anim Sci. 69(7): 3055-3066.
https://doi.org/10.2527/1991.6973055x

20. Nocek, J.E., Kautz, W.P. (2006). Direct-fed microbial supplementation on ruminal digestion, health, and performance of pre- and postpartum dairy cattle. J Dairy Sci. 89, 260–266.
https://doi.org/10.3168/jds.S0022-0302(06)72090-2

21. Hernández, J., Benedito, J.L., Abuelo, A., Castillo, C. (2014). Ruminal acidosis in feedlot: from aetiology to prevention. The Scientific World Journal. Article ID 702572. [cited 2017 June 15]  
https://doi.org/10.1155/2014/702572

22. Duncan, B. (2013). Probiotics. In: R. R. Watson, V. R. Preedy (Eds.), Bioactive food as dietary interventions for liver and gastrointestinal disease (pp.454-461). Oxford: Elsevier.
PMid:22948527

23. Kanauchi, O., Fujiyama, Y., Mitsuyama, K., Araki, Y., Ishii, T., Nakamura, T., et al. (1999). Increased growth of Bifidobacterium and Eubacterium by germinated barley foodstuff, accompanied by enhanced butyrate production in healthy volunteers. Int J Mol Med. 3(2): 175-179.
https://doi.org/10.3892/ijmm.3.2.175

24. Kato, S., Sato, K., Chida, H., Roh, S., Ohwada, S., Sato, S., Guilloteau, P., Katoh, K. (2011). Effects of Na-butyrate supplementation in milk formula on plasma concentrations of GH and insulin, and on rumen papilla development in calves. J Endocrinol. 211, 241-248.
https://doi.org/10.1530/JOE-11-0299
PMid:21911440

 
 
Linija

 

 

 

lc
cope This journal is a member of and subscribes to the principles of the Committee on Publication Ethics.
crossref
CrosCheck
lc
Creative Commons License
The all content of the Journal "Mac Vet Rev", except where otherwise noted, is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 License.
iThenticate
lc