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Macedonian Veterinary Review


p-ISSN 1409-7621
e-ISSN 1857-7415

Co-publishing with:
De Gruyter

Abstract / References

Short Communication
Published on: 15 March 2019

Giardia and Cryptosporidium in red foxes (Vulpes vulpes): Screening for coproantigens in a population of central Italy and mini-review of the literature
Roberto Amerigo Papini1, Ranieri Verin2
1Department of Veterinary Sciences, University of Pisa, Viale delle Piagge 2, 56124 Pisa, Italy
2Department of Veterinary Pathology and Public Health, Institute of Veterinary Science, Leahurst Campus, University of Liverpool, Chester High Road, CH64 7TE, Neston, United Kingdom


Giardia and Cryptosporidium are common protozoan parasites affecting several animal species and humans. The aim of this survey was to investigate, for the first time, their prevalence in red fox (Vulpes vulpes) faecal samples in central Italy. Seventy-one red foxes of different ages and sexes were examined for antigenic detection of Giardia and Cryptosporidium in fecal samples by means of a commercial rapid immunochromatographic test. The sample was randomly selected from foxes culled during a population control program. They were divided into groups based on sex and age (≤1-year-old and >1-year-old). Five (7%) and one (1.4%) out of 71 fecal samples were positive for the Giardia or Cryptosporidium antigens by immunochromatographic assay, respectively, and no coinfections were observed. The present prevalence rates of Giardia and Cryptosporidium antigens in faeces from V. vulpes suggest that this host species is likely to play only a limited role in the spread of the two protozoa in the study area. A concise review of the literature related to Giardia and Cryptosporidium in V. vulpes is presented.
Key words: Giardia, Cryptosporidium, coproantigens, red fox, Vulpes vulpes

Mac Vet Rev 2019; 42 (1): 101-106
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Available Online First: 15 February 2019

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