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Linija
Original Scientific Article
Published on: 15 March 2019
 
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Prevalence and clinical signs of postpartum dysgalactia syndrome at the first day after farrowing in farmed sows in the Republic of Macedonia
Branko Angjelovski1, Miroslav Radeski1, Igor Djadjovski1, Dine Mitrov1, Jovan Bojkovski3, Nikola Adamov2, Toni Dovenski2
1Veterinary Institute, Faculty of Veterinary Medicine, Ss. Cyril and Methodius University in Skopje,
Lazar Pop Trajkov 5-7, 1000 Skopje, Republic of Macedonia
2Institute of Reproduction and Biomedicine, Faculty of Veterinary Medicine, Ss. Cyril and Methodius University in Skopje, Lazar Pop Trajkov 5-7, 1000 Skopje, Republic of Macedonia
3Faculty of Veterinary Medicine, University of Belgrade, Bulevar Oslobodjenja 18, 11000 Belgrade, Republic of Serbia

 

ABSTRACT
The objective of the present study was to determine the prevalence of postpartum dysgalactia syndrome (PDS) and associated clinical signs in farmed sows in the Republic of Macedonia (RM) in the first 12-24 h postpartum. A total of 202 sows of different parity and different genetic lines from 5 pig farms in RM were included in the study. The sows and their litters were clinically examined 12-24 hours after farrowing. Postpartum dysgalactia syndrome was detected in 23.3% of all clinically examined sows, while prevalence between farms ranged from 14.8% to 38.1%. Altered piglet’s behavior was the most frequent clinical pattern observed in 68.1% of the PDS–affected (PDSA) sows. Regarding the clinical signs in PDSA sows detected among farms, significant differences were observed in the altered piglet’s behavior (p<0.05) and hypogalactia (p<0.05). Endometritis was more often detected in older sows (90%) compared to endometritis in younger animals (44.4%). In addition, fever was also more frequently diagnosed in higher parity (≥3 parity) sows (55.0%) in contrast to other PDSA sows (22.2%). This study has demonstrated the presence of PDS in farmed sows in RM. High frequency of altered piglet’s behavior found in this study could be an useful indicator for early detection of lactation problems in sows. Frequent pathological vaginal discharge in older sows indicates that endometritis plays an important role in the clinical manifestation of PDS. Further investigations should be conducted in order to identify specific risk factors associated with clinical PDS in farmed sows in RM.
Key words: postpartum dysgalactia syndrome, prevalence, sow

Mac Vet Rev 2019; 42 (1): 79-86
   
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Available Online First: 15 February 2019
 
 
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