Original Scientific Article
Zoonotic endoparasites in dogs from the Bosnian-Podrinje canton, Bosnia and Herzegovina
Jasmin Omeragić,
Davor Alagić,
Sabina Šerić-Haračić*,
Naida Kapo,
Darinka Klarić Soldo,
Emina Šabić,
Ćazim Crnkić,
Dženita Hadžijunuzović-Alagić,
Edin Aganović,
Vedad Škapur

Mac Vet Rev 2021; 44 (1): 63 - 70

10.2478/macvetrev-2021-0011

Received: 16 October 2020

Received in revised form: 01 December 2020

Accepted: 07 December 2020

Available Online First: 18 February 2021

Published on: 15 March 2021

Correspondence: Sabina Šerić-Haračić, sabina.seric-haracic@vfs.unsa.ba

Abstract

More than 30 dog parasite species have been identified in Bosnia and Herzegovina so far, and half of these are zoonotic. The aim of the study was to investigate the occurrence of parasitic infections in dogs from Bosnian-podrinje canton with a focus on zoonotic parasites. The study included 212 dogs (107 owned and 105 stray). One or more of the twenty parasite species were found in 82.55% of tested samples. Dicrocoelium dendriticum (Class Trematoda) was found in 0.94% of dogs. Dipylidium caninum and Mesocestoides lineatus (Class Cestoda) were found in 7.55% and 0.94% of dogs, respectively. Taenia spp. and Echinococcus spp. (Family Taeniidae) were found in 0.47% and 0.94% of samples, respectively. In the family of Nematoda, the following parasite species were identified with corresponding percent among tested dogs: Toxocara canis (25.94%), Toxascaris leonine (8.96%), Strongyloides stercoralis (0.47%), Ancylostoma caninum (3.77%), Uncinaria stenocephala (52.36%), Trichuris vulpis (22.17%), Eucoleus aerophilus (1.42%), Dirofilaria immitis (1.89%) and Dirofilaria repens (1.42%). In the kingdom of Protozoa, the following parasite species were identified with corresponding percent among tested dogs: Cystoisospora canis (8.49%), C. ohioensis (2.36%), Cryptosporidium spp. (4.72%), Sarcocystis spp. (0.47%), Babesia spp. (5.19%), and Giardia duodenalis (15.57%). Leishmania infantum was not identified in tested samples. The results showed a high level of parasitic infestation in the dog population in the Bosnian-Podrinje canton, with a high occurrence of zoonotic parasites. Significant differences were found between owned and stray dogs for all classes of detected parasites with exception of the class Trematoda, disregarding specific parasite species.

Keywords: Bosnian-Podrinje canton, dogs, endoparasites, zoonotic


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Copyright

© 2021 Omeragić J. This is an open-access article published under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original author and source are credited.

Conflict of Interest Statement

The authors have declared that no competing interests exist.

Citation Information

Macedonian Veterinary Review. Volume 44, Issue 1, Pages 63-70, e-ISSN 1857-7415, p-ISSN 1409-7621, DOI: 10.2478/macvetrev-2021-0011, 2021