Original Scientific Article
Etiological and pathomorphological investigations of coronavirus and rotavirus gastroenteritis in goat kids and lambs
Ismet Kalkanov*,
Ivan Dinev,
Ivan Zarkov

Mac Vet Rev 2021; 44 (2): i - vii

10.2478/macvetrev-2021-0015

Received: 05 October 2020

Received in revised form: 18 January 2021

Accepted: 23 February 2021

Available Online First: 06 April 2021

Published on: 15 October 2021

Correspondence: Ismet Kalkanov, ismet_88@abv.bg

Abstract

The aim of the performed field and laboratory investigations was to determine the commonest enteropathogens in neonatal and juvenile lambs and goat kids, as well as induced macro- and microscopic alterations in the different digestive system compartments. The study comprised a total of 850 newborn and juvenile lambs (600) and goat kids (250) from 9 private dairy farms (3 goat farms, 6 sheep farms). The age of animals was from 24 hours to 20 days. The following rapid antigen detection tests were used: (Rainbow calf scour 5 BIO K 306, Monoclonal Antibody anti-Coronavirus аnd Rotavirus FITC conjugated, BIOX Diagnostics, Belgium). Gross anatomy and histopathological examination of tissue samples was performed on 21 carcasses (9 goat kids and 12 lambs) from animals that died with signs of gastroenteritis. The main detected agents of intestinal infections were Cryptosporidium parvum, rotaviruses, coronaviruses and Escherichia coli.

Keywords: pathology, goat kids, lambs, gastroenteritis, coronavirus, rotavirus


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Copyright

© 2021 Kalkanov I. This is an open-access article published under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original author and source are credited.

Conflict of Interest Statement

The authors have declared that no competing interests exist.

Citation Information

Macedonian Veterinary Review. Volume 44, Issue 2, Pages i-vii, e-ISSN 1857-7415, p-ISSN 1409-7621, DOI: 10.2478/macvetrev-2021-0015, 2021