Original Scientific Article
Biosecurity and antimicrobial use practices in live bird markets within Abeokuta Metropolis, Southwest, Nigeria: a preliminary survey
Oluwawemimo Adebowale * ,
Motunrayo Makanjuola ,
Noah Bankole ,
Olanike Adeyemo ,
Ayomikun Awoseyi ,
Olajoju Jokotola Awoyomi

Mac Vet Rev 2021; 44 (2): 187 - 202


Received: 05 January 2021

Received in revised form: 01 July 2021

Accepted: 13 July 2021

Available Online First: 20 August 2021

Published on: 15 October 2021

Correspondence: Oluwawemimo Adebowale, adebowaleoluwawemimo1@gmail.com


The development of an antimicrobial stewardship plan (AMSP) for live bird sellers (LBS) requires an understanding of the current biosecurity status, antimicrobial use (AMU) and the practices involved in live bird selling (e.g., drivers, sellers, etc.) which is a direct source of poultry meat for human consumption. Seven Live Bird Markets (LBMs) within Abeokuta, Ogun State were surveyed using a semi-structured questionnaire. Data on LBMs characteristics, LBS demographics, biosecurity, and AMU practices, awareness on Antimicrobial Resistance (AMR), as well as preferred channels of information on antimicrobial stewardship were gathered. A total of 40 consenting LBS with 82.5% female and 17.5% male participants were included in the study. The participants’ mean age was 45.3 years (SD±11.9, range: 23-70 years). Laying hens, broilers, and cockerels were the main poultry types sold by LBS. Antimicrobials (AMs) were used for growth promotion (57.5%), therapeutic (40.0%), and prophylactic (2.5%) purposes. Tetracycline, metronidazole, and chloramphenicol were the most frequently used AMs. The majority of the participants (90.0%) have treated birds based on their empirical experience, with little or no inputs from veterinarians. Biosecurity and AMU practices were generally low (54.0% and 34.0%, respectively). The contact with veterinarians was associated with satisfactory biosecurity practices (p=0.049). No significant factors were found to be linked with AMU. This study has provided recent evidence-based data on practices in poultry management among LBS in Abeokuta, Ogun state. The findings would be useful for policy decisions and the development of AMSP on prudent AMU among LBS.

Keywords: antimicrobial use, biosecurity, live bird markets, live bird sellers, risk factors, Abeokuta


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© 2021 Adebowale O. This is an open-access article published under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original author and source are credited.

Conflict of Interest Statement

The authors have declared that no competing interests exist.

Citation Information

Macedonian Veterinary Review. Volume 44, Issue 2, Pages 187-202, e-ISSN 1857-7415, p-ISSN 1409-7621, DOI: 10.2478/macvetrev-2021-0024, 2021