Original Scientific Article
New records of the Asian tiger mosquito (Aedes albopictus) in North Macedonia
Aleksandar Cvetkovikj*,
Igor Djadjovski,
Kiril Krstevski,
Zagorka Popova,
Ljubica Rashikj,
Kristina Atanasova,
Iskra Cvetkovikj,
Jovana Stefanovska

Mac Vet Rev 2020; 43 (2): i - v


Received: 10 June 2020

Received in revised form: 23 July 2020

Accepted: 31 July 2020

Available Online First: 10 August 2020

Published on: 15 October 2020

Correspondence: Aleksandar Cvetkovikj, acvetkovic@fvm.ukim.edu.mk


Aedes albopictus is an invasive mosquito species spreading throughout Europe and its presence in North Macedonia was recorded in 2016. Following the first detection in September 2018, we conducted a two-week mosquito monitoring by ovitraps in order to determine if there were established populations of Aedes albopictus in Skopje, the capital of North Macedonia. Ninety-four Ae. albopictus eggs (0 to 18 eggs per ovitrap per week) were collected from 7 (14%) ovitraps in 3 (30%) municipalities. Thirty-eight eggs (40.4%) successfully hatched and the adult mosquitoes were identified by morphology and PCR. No other potentially invasive species were identified during the monitoring period. Ae. albopictus distribution is expanding and poses a risk for an Aedes-borne disease transmission in North Macedonia. The available data highlight the need for a regular monitoring for tiger mosquitoes to plan adequate control measures.

Keywords: Aedes albopictus, tiger mosquito, invasive species, insect vector


  1. Medlock, J. M., Hansford, K. M., Versteirt, V., Cull, B., Kampen, H., Fontenille, D., Hendrickx, G., Zeller, H., Van Bortel, W., Schaffner, F. (2015). An entomological review of invasive mosquitoes in Europe. Bull Entomol Res. 105, 637-663. https://doi.org/10.1017/S0007485315000103 PMid:25804287
  2. Badieritakis, Ε., Papachristos, D., Latinopoulos, D., Stefopoulou, Α., Kolimenakis, Α., Bithas, K., Patsoula, Ε., Beleri, S., Maselou, D., Balatsos, G., Michaelakis, Α. (2018). Aedes albopictus (Skuse, 1895) (Diptera: Culicidae) in Greece: 13 years of living with the Asian tiger mosquito. Parasitol Res. 117, 453-460. https://doi.org/10.1007/s00436-017-5721-6 PMid:29275504 
  3. Kotsakiozi, P., Richardson, J. B., Pichler, V., Favia, G., Martins, A. J., Urbanelli, S., Armbruster, P. A., Caccone, A. (2017). Population genomics of the Asian tiger mosquito, Aedes albopictus: insights into the recent worldwide invasion. Ecol Evol. 7, 10143-10157. https://doi.org/10.1002/ece3.3514 PMid:29238544 PMCid:PMC5723592
  4. Becker, N., Schön, S., Klein, A. M., Ferstl, I., Kizgin, A., Tannich, E., Kuhn, C., Pluskota, B., Jöst, A. (2017). First mass development of Aedes albopictus (Diptera: Culicidae)-its surveillance and control in Germany. Parasitol Res. 116, 847-858. https://doi.org/10.1007/s00436-016-5356-z PMid:28116530 PMCid:PMC5313584      
  5. Delatte, H., Desvars, A., Bouétard, A., Bord, S., Gimonneau, G., Vourc'h, G., Fontenille, D. (2010). Blood-feeding behavior of Aedes albopictus, a vector of chikungunya on la réunion. Vector-Borne Zoonotic Dis. 10, 249-258. https://doi.org/10.1089/vbz.2009.0026 PMid:19589060              
  6. Giangaspero, A., Marangi, M., Latrofa, M. S., Martinelli, D., Traversa, D., Otranto, D., Genchi, C. (2013). Evidences of increasing risk of dirofilarioses in southern Italy. Parasitol Res. 112, 1357-1361. https://doi.org/10.1007/s00436-012-3206-1 PMid:23224639          
  7. European Centre for Disease Prevention and Control [internet]. Aedes albopictus - current known distribution in Europe, August 2019 [cited 2020 June 15]. Available from: https://www.ecdc.europa.eu/en/publications-data/aedes-albopictus-current-known-distribution-august-2019.             
  8. Sokolovska, N., Kostovska, J., Musa, S., Lazarevska, L., Bajrami, L., Arsenievski, Z. (2017). Our experience in collecting tiger mosquitoes using ovitraps in Strumica, Gevgelija and the border crossing to Greece. J Heal Sci. 5, 345-349. https://doi.org/10.17265/2328-7136/2017.06.010
  9. Gunay, F., Picard, M., Robert ,V. (2018). MosKeyTool, an interactive identification key for mosquitoes of Euro-Mediterranean. Version 2.1. In English available at www.medilabsecure.com/moskeytool. Last update: 01/08/2018.              
  10. Arcà, B., Lombardo, F., Francischetti, I. M. B., Pham, V. M., Mestres-Simon, M., Andersen, J. F., Ribeiro, J. M. C. (2007). An insight into the sialome of the adult female mosquito Aedes albopictus. Insect Biochem Mol Biol. 37, 107-127. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.ibmb.2006.10.007 PMid:17244540 
  11. Carrieri, M., Albieri, A., Angelini, P., Baldacchini, F., Venturelli, C., Zeo, S. M., Bellini, R. (2011). Surveillance of the chikungunya vector Aedes albopictus (Skuse) in Emilia-Romagna (northern Italy): Organizational and technical aspects of a large scale monitoring system. J Vector Ecol. 36, 108-116. https://doi.org/10.1111/j.1948-7134.2011.00147.x PMid:21635648       
  12. Manica, M., Filipponi, F., D'Alessandro, A., Screti, A., Neteler, M., Rosà, R., Solimini, A., della Torre, A., Caputo, B. (2016). Spatial and temporal hot spots of Aedes albopictus abundance inside and outside a South European metropolitan area. PLoS Negl Trop Dis. 10, 1-17. https://doi.org/10.1371/journal.pntd.0004758 PMid:27333276 PMCid:PMC4917172        
  13. Marques, C. C., Marques, G. R., de Brito, M., dos Santos Neto, L. G., Ishibashi, V. C., Gomes, F. A. (1993). Comparative study of the efficiency of larval and ovitraps for the surveillance of dengue and yellow fever vectors. Rev Saude Publica 27, 237-241. https://doi.org/10.1590/S0034-89101993000400002 PMid:8209154        
  14. Kavran, M., Ignjatović Ćupina, A., Zgomba, M., Žunić, A., Bogdanović, S., Srdić, V., Dondur, D., Pudar, D., Marinković, D., Petrić, D. (2019). Invasive mosquito surveillance and first record of Aedes japonicus in Serbia. Proceedings of The IXth EMCA conference. March, 10-14, (p.78), La Rochelle, France.            
  15. Eritja, R., Palmer, J. R. B., Roiz, D., Sanpera-Calbet, I., Bartumeus, F. (2017). Direct evidence of adult Aedes albopictus dispersal by car. Sci Rep. 7, 1-15. https://doi.org/10.1038/s41598-017-12652-5 PMid:29070818 PMCid:PMC5656642     
  16. Greenberg, H. S., Wilson-Fallon, A. N., Peper, S. T., Haydett, K. M., Presley, S. M. (2019). New records of Aedes aegypti and Aedes albopictus in eight Texas counties, U.S.A. J Vector Ecol. 44, 199-200. https://doi.org/10.1111/jvec.12345 PMid:31124239     
  17. González-Acosta, C., Correa-Morales, F., Canche-Aguilar, I., Silva-Domínguez, R., Salgado-Alonzo, M. C., Muñoz-Urias, R., Salazar-Bueyes, V. M., Moreno-García, M. (2019). First report of Aedes albopictus in Guerrero State, Mexico. J Am Mosq Control Assoc. 35, 285-287. https://doi.org/10.2987/19-6829.1 PMid:31922941


© 2020 Cvetkovikj A. This is an open-access article published under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original author and source are credited.

Conflict of Interest Statement

The authors have declared that no competing interests exist.

Citation Information

Macedonian Veterinary Review. Volume 43, Issue 2, Pages i-v, e-ISSN 1857-7415, p-ISSN 1409-7621, DOI: 10.2478/macvetrev-2020-0025, 2020