Original Scientific Article
Antimicrobial susceptibility profiles of Escherichia coli isolates from diarrheic dogs in Maiduguri, Borno State, Nigeria
Muhammad Mustapha*,
Yusuf Audu,
Kingsley Uwakwe Ezema,
Jafar Umar Abdulkadir,
Jallailudeen Rabana Lawal,
Arhyel Gana Balami,
Lawan Adamu,
Yachilla Maryam Bukar-Kolo

Mac Vet Rev 2021; 44 (1): 47 - 53

10.2478/macvetrev-2020-0035

Received: 22 March 2020

Received in revised form: 08 November 2020

Accepted: 09 November 2020

Available Online First: 28 December 2020

Published on: 15 March 2021

Correspondence: Muhammad Mustapha, tanimuzimbos@gmail.com

Abstract

Diarrhea caused by multidrug-resistant Escherichia coli (E. coli) is an important and common problem in companion animals, especially dogs. Moreover, these dogs may serve as a reservoir of pathogenic strains of E. coli that may cause enteric and extra-intestinal infections in humans and other animals. This study was conducted to investigate the antibiotic susceptibility pattern of E. coli isolates from diarrheic dogs in Maiduguri Metropolis, Borno State, Nigeria. In fecal samples of 200 dogs with diarrhea, 147 E. coli strains (73.5%) were isolated and characterized by the standard bacteriological techniques (culture, biochemical tests, and antimicrobial susceptibility testing). Out of the 147 positive isolates, 45, 50, and 52 were from Elkanemi Park, Magaram, and Sabon gari wards respectively. The isolates show 100% resistance to chloramphenicol, cefuroxime, and ceftriaxone, 96.6% to amoxicillin, and 95.9% to gentamicin, while all (100%) were susceptible to ciprofloxacin. All the isolates showed multiple antimicrobial resistance. The result of the current study showed that dogs in Maiduguri are important reservoirs of multidrug-resistant E. coli. Therefore, it is important to adopt and apply guidelines for the correct use of antimicrobials in small animal practice to reduce the emergence of multidrug resistance among E. coli in companion animals.

Keywords: Escherichia coli, dogs, diarrhea, antimicrobial susceptibility


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Copyright

© 2020 Mustapha M. This is an open-access article published under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original author and source are credited.

Conflict of Interest Statement

The authors have declared that no competing interests exist.

Citation Information

Macedonian Veterinary Review. Volume 44, Issue 1, Pages 47-53, e-ISSN 1857-7415, p-ISSN 1409-7621, DOI: 10.2478/macvetrev-2020-0035, 2021