Original Scientific Article
Assessment of standing and recumbent restraint positions and the significance of rumenotomy techniques based on the profiles of serum amyloid A in Kano Brown goats
Abubakar M. Saidu*,
Samuel T. Fadason,
Gabriel E. Ochube,
Sani Adamu

Mac Vet Rev 2022; 45 (1): 61 - 69


Received: 25 June 2021

Received in revised form: 30 January 2022

Accepted: 31 January 2022

Available Online First: 23 February 2022

Published on: 15 March 2022

Correspondence: Abubakar M. Saidu, abubakarsm51@gmail.com


Standing and lateral recumbency positions have been used as a standard approach for most surgical procedures for large and small ruminants, respectively, without appropriate attention to the associated surgical stress. The study aimed to assess the level of surgical stress in Kano Brown goats (KBGs) based on their serum amyloid A (SAA) profiles by undergoing rumenotomy in lateral recumbency (Rumen Skin Clamp Fixation-RSCF and Stay Suture Rumenotomy-SSR) and a standing position restraint. A total of 24 KBGs were equally allocated by number and sex in groups A, B, C, and D. Groups A and B underwent RSCF and SSR in lateral recumbency, respectively, while group D underwent a rumenotomy in a standing position performed in a custom made mobile small ruminant surgical chute. Animals in groups A, B, and D were diagnosed with rumen foreign bodies, whereas group C was used as a control with a negative diagnosis. At 48 h post-rumenotomy, the mean SAA concentration in group B (137.88±66.87 g/L) was significantly higher (P<0.05) than the value in group C (34.59±0.57 g/L). The females in group B had a significantly higher (P<0.05) mean concentration of SAA at 48 hours (210.15±123.73 g/L) than groups C (35.18±0.08 g/L) and D (48.35±12.15 g/L). In group A, at 24 hours, SAA concentration (115.61±20.96 μg/L) was significantly higher (P<0.05) than that of group B (31.51±2.59 μg/L) and group C (34.86±3.21 μg/L) in males. Rumenotomy in the standing restraint position was associated with minimal surgical stress, hence it’s recommended over the conventional lateral recumbent position techniques.

Keywords: chute-restraint, ELISA, goats, rumenotomy, serum amyloid A


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© 2022 Saidu A.M. This is an open-access article published under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original author and source are credited.

Conflict of Interest Statement

The authors have declared that no competing interests exist.

Citation Information

Macedonian Veterinary Review. Volume 45, Issue 1, Pages 61-69, e-ISSN 1857-7415, p-ISSN 1409-7621, DOI: 10.2478/macvetrev-2022-0014, 2022