Review Article
The art and science of consultations in bovine medicine: use of modified Calgary – Cambridge guides, Part 2
Amanda Nicole Carr ,
Roy Neville Kirkwood ,
Kiro R. Petrovski *

Mac Vet Rev 2023; 46 (1): 5 - 16


Received: 30 November 2021

Received in revised form: 10 October 2022

Accepted: 24 November 2022

Available Online First: 11 January 2023

Published on: 15 March 2023

Correspondence: Kiro R. Petrovski,


This article, part 2 of a 2-part series, describes the next two steps in the application of the Modified Calgary-Cambridge Guides (MCCG) to consultations in bovine medicine, ‘explanation and planning’, and ‘closing the consultation’, and introduces concepts that are associated with all the components of the guide, ‘building the relationship with the client’ and ‘providing structure to the consultation’. Part 1 introduced the aim and framework of the MCCG which enables the practitioner to gain an insight into the client’s understanding of the problem, including understanding aetiology, epidemiology and pathophysiology. Part 2 introduces the framework that provides the opportunity to understand the client’s expectations regarding the outcome, their motivation and willingness to adhere to recommendations. It also describes how to engage and acknowledge the client as an important part of the decision-making process, how to establish responsibilities of both the client and practitioner, and how to reach out to the client at the conclusion of the consultation to make certain that the client’s expectations were met.

Keywords: bovine practitioner, client-centred, Modified Calgary-Cambridge guide, veterinary communication, veterinary consultation


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© 2023 Carr A.N. This is an Open Access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial License (, which permits unrestricted non-commercial use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.

Conflict of Interest Statement

The authors declared that they have no potential lict of interest with respect to the authorship and/or publication of this article.

Citation Information

Macedonian Veterinary Review. Volume 46, Issue 1, Pages 5-16, e-ISSN 1857-7415, p-ISSN 1409-7621, DOI: 10.2478/macvetrev-2023-0011, 2023