Original Scientific Article
Effect of modified-hen-egg-yolk-lipid-composition diet on plasma lipids in rats
Aida Hodžić,
Husein Ohran*,
Muhidin Hamamdžić,
Abdulah Gagić,
Amina Hrković-Porobija,
Eva Pašić-Juhas,
Amina Selimović,
Atifa Ajanović,
Josip Krnić

Mac Vet Rev 2023; 46 (1): 51 - 59

10.2478/macvetrev-2023-0013

Received: 22 June 2022

Received in revised form: 03 February 2023

Accepted: 06 February 2023

Available Online First: 15 February 2023

Published on: 15 March 2023

Correspondence: Husein Ohran, husein.ohran@vfs.unsa.ba

Abstract

This study aimed to investigate the effects of dietary supplementation with modified-hen-egg-yolk on plasma lipids and lipoprotein profiles in rats. During the four-week-experiment, 64 Wistar rats were divided into four groups of 16 (eight of both sexes), and fed commercial rat food (group C); food containing 70% commercial rat mixture and 30% freshly cooked egg yolk originating from laying hen eggs fed with 3% fish oil (group F); 3% palm olein (group P), or 3% lard (group L). The cooked egg yolk in the rat diet affected the concentrations of plasma total and LDL-cholesterol in males of the P and L groups. Cholesterol and total fat in the diet did not have a hypercholesterolemic effect on their own, but when in combination with fatty acid composition, they could contribute to an increase in plasma total and LDL cholesterol concentrations in rats. HDL-cholesterol was the most resilient plasma lipoprotein of rats to dietary treatments in our experiment. Compared to the control group, the addition of hen egg yolk to the rat diet regardless of its quality, adversely affected the values of HDL-C/TC and HDL-C/LDL-C in both males and females.

Keywords: egg yolk, plasma lipids, rat, dietary supplementation, hen


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Copyright

© 2023 Hodžić A. This is an Open Access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial License (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc/4.0/), which permits unrestricted non-commercial use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.

Conflict of Interest Statement

The authors declared that they have no potential lict of interest with respect to the authorship and/or publication of this article.

Citation Information

Macedonian Veterinary Review. Volume 46, Issue 1, Pages 51-59, e-ISSN 1857-7415, p-ISSN 1409-7621, DOI: 10.2478/macvetrev-2023-0013, 2023